Academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering
Peng Cheng Laboratory, China / CICT
Shaohua YU, information and communication network technology expert, mainly engaged in optical fiber communication and communication network technology research. Born in September 1962 in Wuhan, Hubei Province. In 1992, he graduated from the school of space physics and electronic information of Wuhan University with a doctor's degree. In 2015, he was elected as an academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering.
Speech Title: VCSELs for Datacom and 3D Sensing
Abstract: The Chinese Academy of engineering is the highest honorary and advisory academic institution in the field of Engineering Science and technology in China. It is one of the first pilot construction units of national high-end think tanks. It is committed to studying major strategic issues in national economic and social development and Engineering Science and technology development, and building a science and technology think tank that has important influence on national strategic decisions in the field of Engineering Science and technology. In today's world, the wave of informatization characterized by digitalization, networking and intellectualization is in the ascendant. Information technology is changing with each passing day and is fully integrated into social production and life. It has profoundly changed the global economic pattern, political pattern and security pattern. Information and electronic engineering technology has become one of the scientific and technological fields with the most active innovation, the most extensive application and the largest radiation and driving effect in the world. In order to do a good job in the research on the development strategy of Engineering Science and technology in the electronic information field, innovate the system and mechanism, and integrate the advantageous resources, the Chinese Academy of engineering, the central network information office, the Ministry of industry and information technology, and the China Electronics Technology Group strengthened cooperation, and jointly established the China information and Electronic Engineering Science and technology development strategy research center （Abbreviation: CEIS） in November 2015. CEIS adheres to the high-level, open and forward-looking development orientation, carries out theoretical research, application research and policy consultation around the overall, comprehensive and strategic hot topics in the development of Electronic Information Engineering Science and technology, and gives full play to the intellectual advantages of Academicians of the Chinese Academy of engineering, experts and scholars at all levels in national ministries, commissions, enterprises and institutions, and universities and colleges, Strive to build a first-class strategic think tank in the field of information and Electronic Engineering Science and technology, and provide scientific, forward-looking and timely suggestions for relevant national decisions.
For this reason, under the guidance of vice president Manqing Wu (Vice President Zuoling Chen before May 2022), director Aiguo Fei (director Xicheng Lu before May 2022) and the Standing Committee of the Department of information and electronic engineering of the Chinese Academy of engineering, two academicians Jiangxing Wu and Manqing Wu are responsible for the first phase (from the end of 2015 to June 2018) and two academicians Shaohua Yu and Jun Lu are responsible for the second phase (from September 2018 to may 2022), More than 50 academicians of the academic department were organized and more than 300 experts were mobilized to participate in the compilation of comprehensive articles (620000 words) and 18 special articles (hereinafter referred to as the "blue book") of China Electronic Information Engineering Science and technology development research. The purpose of compiling the "blue book" is to analyze and study the annual scientific and Technological Development in the field of electronic information, comprehensively explain the important breakthroughs and landmark achievements in the field of electronic information at home and abroad, provide reference for Chinese scientific and technological personnel to accurately grasp the development trend of the field of electronic information, and provide support for the formulation of the development strategy of electronic information technology in China. Furthermore, more than 20 academicians and a group of experts have condensed the top 13 challenges of Electronic Information Engineering Science and technology in 2022, mainly including information field, microelectronics and optoelectronics, engineering engineering engineering, measurement and instrumentation, network and communication, network security, underwater acoustic engineering, electromagnetic and electro-magnetic environmental effects, control, cognition, computer systems and software, computer applications and major emergencies. The granularity of these 13 aspects is not the same, but the technical points of each aspect are highly relevant and have a certain correspondence with the majors of the Department. As the optoelectronic field is a basic discipline in the field of information technology, this exchange can further collect research progress and landmark achievements in the optoelectronic field.
Shaohua YU and Jun Lu are the leaders of the CEIS working group (the comprehensive chapter (620000 words), 18 special chapters, and the 13 challengess of Electronic Information Engineering Science and Technology).
University of Shanghai for Science & Technology, China
Professor Gu is Executive Chancellor and Distinguished Professor of University of Shanghai for Science and Technology. He was Distinguished Professor and Associate Deputy Vice-Chancellor at RMIT University, and a Laureate Fellow of the Australian Research Council, Pro Vice-Chancellor, and a University Distinguished Professor at Swinburne University of Technology. He is an author of four standard reference books and has over 550 publications in nano/biophotonics. He is an elected Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science and the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering as well as Foreign Fellow of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. He is also an elected fellow of SPIE, Optica, IEEE, AIP, InstP and COS. He was President of the International Society of Optics within Life Sciences, Vice President of the Board of the International Commission for Optics (ICO) (Chair of the ICO Prize Committee) and a Director of the Board of Optica (formerly OSA) (Chair of the International Council). He was awarded the Einstein Professorship, the W. H. (Beattie) Steel Medal, the Ian Wark Medal, the Boas Medal and the Victoria Prize. Professor Gu is a winner of the 2019 Dennis Gabor Award (SPIE) and the 2022 Emmett Norman Leith Medal (Optica)
Speech Title: Optoelectronics for Artificial Intelligence
Abstract: Research in optoelectronics has transformed the society in every sector of our life due to the emerging capability of the nanoscale manipulation of light in multiple physical dimensions. On the other hand, artificial intelligence based on ever-increasing computing power including neuromorphic computing has heralded a disruptive horizon in many ways of our life. Further, nano-optoelectronics including superresolution optics has provided various tools that can access the nanoscale sub-cellular studies, leading to an opportunity for the understanding of brain functionality. Thus a cross-dispensary field that integrates those exciting advancement for artificial intelligence photonics has come to age. In this talk, we will present two focused areas, superresolution nanolithography and optically digitalised holography for the development of optical artificial neural networks.
The University of Hamburg, Germany
Henry Chapman FRS is a director of the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science at the Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron and the University of Hamburg in Germany. He carried out his PhD in X-ray optics at The University of Melbourne, Australia, work for which he was awarded the Bragg Gold Medal from the Australian Institute of Physics. Henry develops methods in coherent X-ray imaging and in exploiting the short pulse durations and extreme intensities of free-electron lasers to obtain room-temperature macromolecular structures. He is currently developing serial femtosecond crystallography using FEL and synchrotron radiation and extending it to the smallest possible crystals: that is, single molecules. For this work he was awarded the Leibniz Prize of the German Research Foundation (DFG), the Roentgen Medal, an honorary doctorate of Uppsala University, and the Aminoff Prize for crystallography from the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Speech Title: Imaging Macromolecules with X-ray Laser Pulses
Abstract: Free-electron lasers produce spatially coherent X-ray pulses with a peak brightness more than a billion times that of beams at modern synchrotron radiation facilities. This has provided a disruptive new technology, in several senses of the word. A single focused X-ray FEL pulse completely destroys a small protein crystal placed in the beam, but not before that pulse has passed through the sample and given rise to a diffraction pattern. This principle of diffraction before destruction has given the methodology of serial femtosecond crystallography for the determination of macromolecular structures from tiny crystals without the need for cryogenic cooling. Consequently, it is possible to carry out high-resolution diffraction studies of dynamic protein systems with time resolutions ranging from below 1 ps to milliseconds, from samples under physiological temperatures and other conditions. The high intensity and coherence of the X-ray beam can also be exploited for novel phasing approaches, ranging from preferential ionisation of elements to the use of intensity measurements between Bragg peaks. Even now, a decade after the first experiments at X-ray free-electron laseres we have not fully explored the limits of the technique.